is the largest city in
Japan, with a population
Tokyo is also
Japan's capital. The city is located on the southeastern part of the
Tokyo consists of 23 city wards, or ku, 26 satellite
cities, 5 towns, and 8 villages. Izu and
Ogasawara Islands are
considered part of Tokyo, as are a handful of small islands located off
the south of Japan's main island, Honshu.
Tokyo was known as
itself was small fishing village and castle town in the 16th century, Edo
became Japan's de facto power center (Kyoto was still the official capital) in 1603 when
Tokugawa Ieyasu (the first Tokugawa shogun) established the bakufu
(military government) there. He also set about building canals, rebuilding
the town’s castle, and draining the swampy terrain in the nearby area.
Restoration of 1868 transformed
into Japan’s official capital. The young emperor and capital moved from
Kyoto to Edo--now renamed Tokyo ("Eastern Capital").
and nearby Yokohama were all but destroyed in the Great Kanto Earthquake
of 1923. The city was also severely damaged by allied air raids of 1945.