Basic Vocabulary




Word Focus

Business Japanese

Gift Shop

The Everything Japanese Guide




circulation document 

A ringi-sho is an approval/signature document that Japanese employees create to obtain approval for new projects, expenditures, or process changes. Once created, the ringi-sho is submitted for signature to the relevant parties in ascending hierarchical order. In other words, if the signatures of an assistant manager, a manager, and a director are all necessary, the ringi-sho will be submitted first to the assistant manager, then to the manager, and finally to the director.

At any stage in this process, it may be necessary for the originator of the ringi-sho to modify and resubmit the document. A well written ringi-sho contains an adequate description of the problem at hand, an explanation of the proposed action, and an analysis of the costs and benefits involved